A slightly different look at a familiar narrative in early French cinema. The original was Louis Lumière’s Card Game (Partie de Cartes), and the 1st remake was Georges Méliès’s Card Party (Une Partie de Cartes).
The 1st of 555 known films by Georges Méliès, Card Party (aka Une partie de cartes aka Party of Cards) is a remake (the world’s 1st known movie remake) of Louis Lumiere’s Card Game. The Lumière original can be found here: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=0VGSjgi9l4c
Demolition of a Wall (1896) – Louis Lumiere
In Demolition of a Wall (aka Démolition d’un mur) by Louis Lumière, we see the action proceeding forward as expected, but at the mid-point of the film, the footage is reversed, taking us back to the beginning. This was the 1st movie to contain footage in reverse motion.
Panorama du Grand Canal vu d’un Bateau (1896) – Alexandre Promio
The 1st moving shot, created by a stationary camera on a gondola in Panorama du Grand Canal vu d’un Bateau, was filmed by Alexandre Promio for Louis Lumiere.
The Sprinkler Sprinkled (1895) – Louis Lumiere
The 1st staged narrative and the 1st comedy, The Sprinkler Sprinkled (also known as L’Arroseur Arrosé and The Waterer Watered) was shot in Lyon in the spring of 1895.
The film portrays a simple practical joke in which a gardener is tormented by a boy who steps on the hose that the gardener is using to water his plants, cutting off the water flow. When the gardener tilts the nozzle up to inspect it, the boy releases the hose, causing the water to spray him. The gardener is stunned and his hat is knocked off, but he soon catches on. A chase ensues, both on and off-screen (the camera never moves from its original position) until the gardener catches the boy and administers a spanking. Louis Lumière used his own gardener, François Clerc, to portray the gardener.
Exiting the Factory (1895) – Louis Lumiere
The 1st projected film, Workers Leaving The Lumière Factory in Lyon (also known as La Sortie des Usines Lumière à Lyon, Employees Leaving the Lumière Factory, and Exiting the Factory), was filmed by Louis Lumière using his Cinématographe, an all-in-one camera, which also serves as a film projector and developer. This film was shown in 1895 at the Grand Café on the Boulevard des Capucines in Paris, along with nine other short movies.
The film consists of a single scene in which workers leave the Lumiere factory. The workers are mostly female who exit the large building 25 rue St. Victor, Montplaisir on the outskirts of Lyon, France, as if they had just finished a day’s work.
Three separate versions of this film exist. There are a number of differences between these, for example the clothing style changes demonstrating the different seasons in which they were filmed. They are often referred to as the “one horse,” “two horses,” and “no horse” versions, in reference to a horse-drawn carriage that appears in the first two versions (pulled by one horse in the original and two horses in the first remake).